The Southwestern US is rich with astronomers working in the fields of star and planet formation. This conference will feature pedagogical reviews, invited topical talks, and numerous contributed talks by junior scientists. A primary goal of this meeting is to forge collaborations across institutes in the Southwest, and to highlight the contributions of post-doc and graduate student attendees. Participants from any region are welcome. This meeting will foster extended, unstructured discussion and interaction between the senior review speakers and other attendees. The main meeting will end on Thursday, and Friday will consist of an NRAO Community Day.